Herakleia and Siritis

Basilicata, Policoro/Tursi/Rotondella (MT)


Scientific Coordination

Massimo Osanna


Infrasite-Survey at Santa Maria d'Anglona

Dimitris Roubis


Field survey in the chora of Siris-Herakleia

Gabriel Zuchtriegel


Fieldwork Coordinators

Gabriel Zuchtriegel together with Antonia Miola, Luisa Aino


Studies of unpublished materials from Herakleia and Siritis (Tesi di Specializzazione)

Domenico Asprella, Alessandra Casalicchio, Giuseppina Simona Crupi, Laura D’Esposito, Giusj Galioto, Mariafrancesca Lanza, Maria Domenica Pasquino, Mariasilvia Vullo


During the last years there has been a steadily increasing collaboration between the University of Basilicata and the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Basilicata. Siris-Herakleia is one of the key sites standing in the focus of our collaborative activities.






Archaeological Field Survey in the chora of Siris-Herakleia

In 2012 the Scuola di Specializzazione in Beni Archeologici di Matera has started an archaeological survey in the area SE of Santa Maria d’Anglona, a hilltop which has yielded materials from the Early Iron Age onwards (see below), 11 kilometres from Policoro (ancient Herakleia). Through an intesive field survey, having archaeologists walk in 10 meters distance, we are trying activityto cover the landscape as completely as possible. As in other surveys of the Postgraduate School, modern landuse and visilibity are documented systematically. The data which have been collected so far are particularly rich for the time span between Iron Age (scattered indigenous settlement in the surroundings of Anglona) and the Late Hellenistic period. The Imperial period is only scarcely attested in the study area. The results show how deeply the political and social transformation going on in the central place (arrival of Greek groups, foundation of the polis Siris-Polieion, its destruction and the 'achaean' phase of the Siritis, foundation of Herakleia, rise of Lucanian settlements in the inland, 'Romanization') affect the structure of the rural settlement.

The typology of sites, which particularly differentiated during the Hellenistic period, include besides farmsteads of various sizes tomb areas, storage structures and cult places. The dense rural settlement during the late 4th and 3rdcenturies B.C. has parallels not only in the Greek world (e.g. Metaponto, Argolis, Attica ), but also in the Italic inland (e.g. Torre di Satriano, Montescaglioso, Altojanni).

We are trying to systematically analyze published and archive data (archaeological, geological, historical etc.) concerning a wider area, in order to understand the ancient settlement on a broader scale and to reconstruct the “social geography” of the communities living here.

Download the pdf with a more detailed description (Italian).


Infra-site survey at S. Maria d'Anglona

The hilltop of S. Maria d’Anglona is part of the area which has been surveyed in 2012. Within the scope of this new project the infra-site survey of the settlement at Santa Maria d’Anglona, started already in 2008, has been continued. In 2012 we have covered the Southern slopes of the hill in order to see if the settlement on the hilltop expanded to this area.

The spatial analysis of the 2008 data point to a small village on the hilltop, dating principally to the 4th-3rd centuries B.C. During the Middle Ages there seems to have been a relatively dense settlement between the Cathedral, which is still in use nowadays, and the fortress situated on the opposite side of the plateau.

The Southern slopes, which were partly surveyed in 2012, are characterized by various traces of structures as well as by a high concentration of surface pottery.

The study of the materials, though still in a preliminary stadium, permits to hypothesize that the medieval settlement of Santa Maria d’Anglona spread over the Southern slopes, using natural terraces on this side of the hill.




M. Osanna, L. Prandi, A. Siciliano, Eraclea ("Culti greci in Occidente" II), Taranto 2008.

L. D'Esposito, G. Galioto, Nuove ricerche sui culti di Eraclea: l'area sacra del c.d. ValloSiris IX 2008, pp. 35-57.

I. Battiloro, A. Bruscella, M. Osanna, Ninfe ad Heraklea Lucana? Il santuario extra-urbano di Masseria Petrulla nella Valle del Sinni (Policoro - MT), Kernos XXIII 2010, 239-270.

M. Osanna, G. Zuchtrigel (edd.), AMPHI SIRIOS RHOAS. Nuove ricerce su Eraclea e la Siritide, Venosa 2012.






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